Son Preference and the Marriage Squeeze in China… 3 BACKGROUND Marriage is the legal union of males and females. 1995 Aug;12(3-4):27-8. Dr. Gu Baochang speaks out on son preference in China. The analysis confirms the conventional wisdom that son preference is embedded within patrilineal family structures and practices. In China, son preference and sex-selective abortion have led to 32 million excess males under the age of 20 years. PMCID: PMC5536174 PMID: 28769144. Peer E ects in Fertility and Son Preference in China Jixuan (Edie) Yao and Michael S. Delgado Department of Agricultural Economics Purdue University ASSA Jan 3-5, 2021. The overall We use several datasets to study whether son preference prevails in the human capital investment among Chinese rural-urban migrant households. Since the 1990s, some areas have seen up to 25 per cent more male births than female births. Contrary to popular belief, son compulsion remained steady in rural China (at around 10 per cent) while it increased in urban China in the 1990s (from 2.8 per cent to 4.5 per cent). According to the Global Gender Gap Report 2018, China ranked dead last among 149 countries in terms of “sex ratio at birth”. Increasing son preference and neglect of daughters is occurring in many states in India, despite the advances made in education, literacy, healthcare, and income attainment. This is the result of many factors, such as the Confucian The authors attribute this to their similar family systems, which generate strong disincentives to raise daughters while valuing adult women's contributions to the household. by Eleanor Jawon Choi and Jisoo Hwang. China Popul Today. Published in volume 105, issue 5, pages 638-43 of American Economic Review, May 2015, Abstract: Sex ratio at birth remains highly skewed in Asian countries due to son preference. Our findings also shed light on China's potential fertility policy adjustment. Women with son preference turn to sex-selective abortion to ensure that their first child is a son, thus reducing the likelihood of a second child and decreasing the fertility rate. they do for girls. 11930: Son Preference and Human Capital Investment among China's Rural-Urban Migrant Households Carl Lin , Yan Sun, Chunbing Xing We use several datasets to study whether son preference prevails in the human capital investment among Chinese rural-urban migrant households. A collective model generates predictions concerning the impact of the birth of sons on family behaviour when son preference is treated as a premium in the father’s utility function. View/ Open. Min, Ho Sik. Missing women, a concept suggest by economist Amartya Sen , measures gender bias in mortality due to sex selective abortions or insufficient health care to baby girls. - Vol. One might expect that women living in economically more developed areas and those from wealthier families would be less likely to exhibit son preference. Generally speaking, the sex ratio imbalance at birth is closely related to son preference, whereas son preference is often attributed to conservative thoughts and conventional customs. Today, around 140 million women are believed to be "missing" around the world – the result of son preference, including gender-biased sex selection, a form of discrimination. Today, son preference is jutting up against widespread desires for smaller families and, at least in China, strict population policies that limit family size to one or two children. 11930: Son Preference and Human Capital Investment among China's Rural-Urban Migrant Households Carl Lin , Yan Sun, Chunbing Xing We use several datasets to study whether son preference prevails in the human capital investment among Chinese rural-urban migrant households. Using data from two surveys in three counties among which the prevalence of uxorilocal marriage varies greatly, this paper analyzes effects of marriage form, as well as individual, family, and social factors on son preference in the context of strict birth control in rural China. Son Preference in India Reeve Vanneman Sonalde Desai Kriti Vikram University of Maryland College Park, MD 20742 Abstract An abundant literature has documented son preferences in large parts of Korea, China, India, and the Near East. 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