It is the second largest city in Bulgaria with a population of 368,469 people, accounting for 4.6% of the total of the country. Prior to the population exchange, as of 1 January 1885, the city of Plovdiv had a population of 33,442, of which 16,752 were Bulgarians (50%), 7,144 Turks (21%), 5,497 Greeks (16%), 2,168 Jews (6%), 1,061 Armenians (3%), 151 Italians, 112 Germans, 112 Romani people, 80 French people, 61 Russians and 304 people of other nationalities.[95]. 160–161, 186: John V. A. Many of its citizens, 100,000 according to Ammianus Marcellinus, died or were taken captive. [61][62] From Philippopolis, the influence of dualistic doctrines spread to Bulgaria forming the basis of the Bogomil heresy. [6] According to the Latin historian of the Fourth Crusade, Geoffrey of Villehardouin, Philippopolis was the third largest city in the Byzantine Empire, after Constantinople (Istanbul) and Thessalonica (Thessaloniki). Its location makes the fishing industry an important part of the economy. With more than one million inhabitants, Sofia has three times as many people as the next largest cities, Plovdiv and Varna. Europe Destinations. [72] After the Liberation, the Bulgarian painter of Czech origin Ivan Mrkvička came to work in the city. Bulgaria is located in southeastern Europe. Today, Plovdiv is an important economic, educational, and cultural center. [99] For further information see the article Roma people in Plovdiv. It revealed that the site was constructed at the 90s of the 1st century CE. [163] In 2007, 96 boxers from 20 countries participated in the tournament. [7][6] During the Byzantine–Bulgarian wars, the emperor Basil the Bulgar-Slayer (r. 960–1025) used Philippopolis as a major strategic fortification, governed by the protospatharios Nikephoros Xiphias. It is an important economic, transport, cultural, and educational center. The port city Varna is the third-largest city in Bulgaria with 334,870 citizens located along the coast of the Black Sea. The population by permanent address for the municipality of Plovdiv for 2007 is 380,682,[81] which makes it the second in population in the nation. Plovdiv is the economic capital of Bulgaria as it has the country's largest economy and contributes 7.5% of Bulgaria's GDP as of 2014[update]. Feb 7, 2013 - Plovdiv, the second biggest city in Bulgaria. In 1927 the electrification of Plovdiv has started. [42] In 516 BCE during the rule of Darius the Great, Thrace was included in the Persian empire. In the spring of 1885, Zahari Stoyanov formed the Secret Bulgarian Central Revolutionary Committee in the city which actively conducted propaganda for the unification of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia. [101] The executive government of the Municipality of Plovdiv consists of a mayor who is elected by majority representation, five deputy mayors, and one administrative secretary. [68] Afterwards, Philippopolis was conquered by Byzantium. The northern Bulgaria city of Vidin was the worst in exceeding fine particular matter standards, surpassing them for 91 days or 42 per cent of the heating season, independent group AirBG.info said in its annual report. From there, the peaks of the Sredna Gora mountain range rise to the northwest, the Chirpan Heights to the east, and the Rhodope mountains to the south. In 1344 the city and eight other cities were surrendered to Bulgaria by the regency for John V Palaiologos as the price for Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria's support in the Byzantine civil war of 1341–47. The second largest town in Bulgaria, it is considered the cultural capital. [6] The city was destroyed by Kaloyan of Bulgaria (r. 1196–1207) in 1206 and rebuilt thereafter. Things to Do in Plovdiv, the second largest city in Bulgaria Things to Do in Plovdiv ? Kendrisia (Greek: ΚΕΝΔΡΕΙϹΕΙΑ) was an old name of the city. Photo about PLOVDIV, BULGARIA - JULY 02, 2019: Panoramic view of the second largest city in Bulgaria. PLOVDIV . Not only is the city an important economic and industrial center, but also a tourist and cultural center. [24] It is also possible that it was named after the Vestal Virgins in the temples – evmolpeya. Originally a Thracian settlement, it later became a major Roman city before falling to the Byzantines and Ottomans. They are based in three bus stations: South, Rodopi, and North. Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria and is an important tourist site as well. It was initially built as a bulevterion, an edifice of the city council, and was later reconstructed as a theatre. Search clues. The frost season ends in March. Massive walls surrounding a temple and a palace have been excavated. [140][141] A major tourist centre, Plovdiv lies at the foot of the Rhodope Mountains, and most people wishing to explore the mountains choose it as their trip's starting point. The second lockdown, imposed in the country just a month ago resulted in a … It has an area of 11 hectares and was surrounded by shops and public buildings. They are the Saint Constantine and Saint Helena, the Saint Marina, the Saint Nedelya, the Saint Petka, and the Holy Mother of God Churches. Photo about Famous city in Bulgaria Plovdiv - with the acient greek and Roman architecture. Ruse is Bulgaria’s fifth largest city. [66] In 1208, Kaloyan's successor Boril was defeated by the Latins in the Battle of Philippopolis. Some of the biggest companies in the region include the Austrian utility company EVN, PIMK (transport), Insa Oil (fuels), Liebherr (refrigerator plant), Magna International (automotive industry), Bella Bulgaria (food manufacturing), Socotab (tobacco processing), ABB Group, Schneider Electric, Osram, Sensata Technologies, etc. Bucharest is the capital and the largest city in the country. The theatre was studied, conserved, and restored between 1968 and 1984. Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria, and its urban area has a population of 544,628 people. It was modelled after the stadium in Delphi. [5], In Late Antiquity, Philippopolis was an important stronghold, but was sacked in 250, after the Siege of Philippopolis, by the Goths led by Cniva, during the Crisis of the Third Century. The Plovdiv International Fair, held annually since 1892, is the largest and oldest fair in the country and all of southeastern Europe, gathering companies from all over the world in an exhibition area of 138,000 m2 (1,485,419.64 sq ft) located on a territory of 352,000 m2 (3,788,896.47 sq ft) on the northern banks of the Maristsa river. What Is The Ethnic Composition Of Bulgaria? [citation needed] Philippopolis was captured by the Byzantines in 969, shortly before it was sacked by the ruler of Rus' Sviatoslav I of Kiev who impaled 20,000 citizens. Dating to the 19th century, it is one of the best-preserved examples of the so-called "Ottoman-style" synagogues in the Balkans. [125] The city's traditions as a literary centre are preserved by the first public library in Bulgaria, the Ivan Vazov National Library, the 19 chitalishta (cultural centres), and by numerous booksellers and publishers. The town was conquered by Philip II of Macedon,[45] and the Odrysian king was deposed in 342 BCE. [27] As a result, the name has lost any meaning. Bulgaria is located in southeast Europe and borders Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece, and Turkey. Train Hit the Rocks Near Plovdiv - the Second-Largest city in Bulgaria. Last week, two men died after being left to wait at the steps of a hospital in Plovdiv, Bulgaria’s second largest city. [124] The Trakiya Traditional Choir was nominated for a Grammy Award. Image of town, second, summer - 137425943 The city is a major road and railway hub in southern Bulgaria with[142] the Trakia motorway (A1) only 5 km (3 mi) to the north. [72] It was the capital of the Provisional Russian Administration in Bulgaria between May and October. The earliest signs of habitation in the territory of Plovdiv date as far back as the 6th millennium BCE. "Philip's city") after Philip II of Macedon. Three of the city's seven hills are protected natural territories since 1995. Meanwhile, mass testing in the second-largest city in Bulgaria, initiated in May, reveals that less than 2% of around 1,200 randomly selected people have antibodies to SARS-CoV-2. [76] According to the statistics by the Bulgarian and Greek authors, there were no Turks in the city; according to an alternative estimate the city was of Turkish majority. It has been given several names in the course of history and the remnants of the old cities can still be seen today. It includes remains of a public building from the 3rd–4th centuries which belonged to a noble citizen. Population of Plovdiv: At the first census after the Liberation of Bulgaria in 1880 with 24,053 citizens,[89] Plovdiv is the second largest city behind Ruse, which had 26,163 citizens then,[90] and ahead of the capital Sofia, which had 20,501 citizens then. The city is surrounded by forests and grasslands with rare species such Venus slipper. According to these terms Bulgaria was divided in three parts - Principality of Bulgaria with Sofia as a capital; vassal to the sultan Eastern Rumelia Province with Plovdiv as a capital; and Macedonia, which was returned outright to Turkey. There are also 10 private schools and a seminary. [132] In 2014, more than 35 thousand companies operate in the region which create jobs for 285,000 people. [4][16] Another assumed name is the 1st century CE Tiberias in honor of the Roman emperor Tiberius, under whom the Odrysian Kingdom was a client of Rome. It separated the autonomous region of Eastern Rumelia from Bulgaria, and Plovdiv became its capital. 80 – Космополитен град. The city was part of the, Basil II based his army in Philippopolis during the war with, The city was conquered by the crusader army of, Philippopolis was conquered and raided by the, Phillipopolis was conquered by the Ottomans. Retrieved on 17 September 2010", "Население към 01.02.2011 година в област Пловдив", Bulgarian National Statistical Institute – Bulgarian towns in 2009, Demographic Features of Ottoman Upper Thrace: A Case Study On Filibe, Tatar Pazarcik and Stanımaka (1472–1614). Plovdiv is, first of all, the second oldest continually inhabited city in the world, tracing its history to 6000-8000BC, and was the birthplace of Philip of Macedonia (Rome and Constantinople are much younger cities). Local enterprises manufacture electric motors, electronic equipment, hydraulic machinery, and woodworking machines. The mayor of the Municipality of Plovdiv, Ivan Totev,[100] with the six district mayors represent the local executive authorities. The re-establishment of the Bulgarian Church in 1870 was a sign of ethnic and national consciousness. There are also some Muslims and Jews. The city has PFC Botev Plovdiv, founded in 1912 and PFC Lokomotiv, founded in 1926. [citation needed] The Crusaders mentioned the city as Prineople, Sinople and Phinepople. [11] After the Romans had taken control of the area, the city was named in Latin: TRIMONTIUM, meaning "The Three Hills", and mentioned in the 1st century by Pliny. The city has been continuously inhabited since 4000 BC. Explore. It remained within the borders of Bulgaria until July of the same year, when it became the capital of the autonomous Ottoman region of Eastern Rumelia. 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